- 1951 Developed
his original abstract language drawn from everyday experiences.
Key locations of inspiration where the Denfert Rochereau
Metro Station in Paris, the coastal town of Belle Isle and the mountain village
- 1955 Worked
on an extensive series of works entitled ‘Noir et
and white). Created ‘Photographismes,’ large-scale
photographic enlargements of black and white drawings,
images made up of superimposed acrylic glass panes.
Developed and defined the visual elements of Op art,
with which his name had become inextricably linked.
published his Yellow Manifesto and received the Critics
Award in Brussels and the Gold Medal at the Milan
Triennial. Completed a series of murals for the University
of Caracas in Venezuela, as well as several architectural integrations
as Hommage à Malevitch. Initiated a (now legendary)
group exhibition at Galerie Denise René (1955) entitled ‘Le
Mouvement’ (the motion). In addition to Marcel
Duchamp, Alexander Calder and Vasarely, the exhibition included works by
Yaacov Agam, Pol Bury, Jesús Rafael Soto, Yaakov
Agam and Jean Tinguely, and provided a framework and impetus for the artists
who were laying the foundations of Kinetic Art. Moved to Arcueil.
- 1965 Completed ‘Folklore Planétaire’ (interstellar
folklore) and his ‘Permutations’ series. ‘Unité Plastique’ (pictorial
unit) is patented. In the mid 1960’s Vasarely explored the two and
three dimensions of the octagon, through the Bidim, Hexagon, Vega,
Tridim and Line cycles of
work. Participated in numerous exhibitions such as, ‘50 Ans d’Art Moderne’ at
the Palais International des Beaux-Arts, Brussels (1958): the ‘Inaugural
the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York (1959): ‘Documenta III’ in
Kassel, Germany (1964), and most notably, ‘The Responsive Eye’ at the
Museum of Modern Art, New York (1965). Received the International Guggenheim
New York (1964): the Grand Prix de la Gravure in Ljubljana (1965), as
well as, the Grand Prize at the VIII Art Biennale of São Paolo (1965).
Also awarded the Chevalier de l’Ordre des Arts et Lettres (1965). Moved
- 1969 Accomplished
several architectural projects, including one for the
French pavilion at the World Expo in Montreal
group exhibitions, among them ‘Lumière et Mouvement’ (light and motion) at
the Musée d’Art Moderne de la Ville, Paris (1967): ‘10 Ans d’Art vivant (1955-65)’ at
the Fondation Maeght, Saint Paul-de-Vence (1968). Solo exhibitions at the Sidney
Janis Gallery, New York (1966 and 1968): Galerie Denise René, Paris (1969),
and the Museum of Fine Arts, Budapest (1969).
- 1975 Inauguration
of the Vasarely Museum in Gordes (1970). Developed architectural
integrations and educational
initially for the Museum in Gordes, later linked to the Vasarely
in America, Germany and Norway. The Vasarely Foundation is recognised
by the French State in 1971 as a “fondation reconnue d’utilité publique”. Published
four volumes of ‘Plasti-cité’ and received the International Art
Book Award for two of these volumes in 1971 and 1975. Solo exhibitions
Denise René (1972) and Sidney Jannis Gallery (1972). Designed the set for the
Racine Opera Bérenice, performed in Hungary.
1976 - 1982 Inauguration
of the Vasarely Museum in his hometown of Pécs
(1976). Opened architecture centre as part of the Vasarely Foundation AixenProvence
(1976), which offered one possible solution for the synthesis of art and architecture,
and additionally was an international studio for analytical visual experimentation.
Held solo exhibitions at the Caracas Museum of Contemporary Art (1977), and the
Phoenix Art Museum (1979). Created 154 prints that were transported into space
by cosmonaut Jean-Loup Chrétien onboard the French-Soviet mission ‘Soyuz 7.’ These
works are later sold for the benefit of UNESCO.
- 1990 Vasarely
is named an Honorary Citizen of the City of New York,
Officier de l’Ordre des Arts et des Lettres (1985) and
promoted to the rank of Grand Officier de l’Ordre du
Mérite in France (1990). Inauguration of the Vasarely
Museum at the Zichy Palace in Budapest, Hungary (1987). His wife Klára
Museum closes in Gordes.
dies in Paris, March 15, just shy of his 91st birthday.